Displacer switch operation is based upon simple buoyancy, whereby a spring is loaded with weighted displacers, which are heavier than the liquid. Immersion of the displacers in the liquid results in buoyancy force change, changing the net force acting on the spring. The spring compresses as the buoyancy force increases.
A permanent magnet is attached to a pivoted switch actuator. As the float/displacer rises following the liquid level, it raises the attraction sleeve into the field of the magnet, which then snaps against the non-magnetic enclosing tube, actuating the switch. The enclosing tube provides a static pressure boundary between the switch mechanism and the process. On a falling level, the float/displacer deactivates the switch.
All float operated liquid level controls operate on the basic buoyancy principle which states “the buoyancy force action on an object is equal to the mass of liquid displaced by the object.” As a result, floats ride on the liquid surface partially submerged and move the same distance the liquid level moves. Because of this, they are normally used for narrow level differential applications such as high level alarm or low level alarm.
The thermal switches provide a new level of performance and reliability not found in previous switches. Continuous diagnostics with fault indication, temperature compensation, narrow hysteresis and fast response time make the switches the latest in thermal dispersion switch technology.